Uganda the pearl of Africa is one of the few countries in East Africa with an abundance of physical attractions and natural wonders. Uganda is a country located in East-Central Africa. The country is bordered by South Sudan in the North, Kenya in the South-west, the Democratic Republic of Congo in the west, Rwanda in the south west part of Uganda, and Tanzania in the south part of the country.
Uganda is a landlocked country which is located in the East Africa region with a diverse landscape that encompasses the snow-capped Rwenzori Mountains. Uganda is a country that is heavily influenced by the second largest lake in the world. The Lake has islands and there are cities around the area including Kampala City and Entebbe which is nearby. Besides Lake Victoria there other lakes including Lake Albert, Lake Edward, Lake Kyoga, and Lake George.
The country is recorded as the pearl of Africa with an abundance of wildlife which includes the rare Mountain Gorillas inhabiting Bwindi Impenetrable National park, Chimpanzee trekking in Ngamba Island, bird species, wildlife species and many more other species different Uganda National Parks.
Uganda is located in the African Great Lakes region and the country lies within the Nile basin which is generally modified in the equatorial climate. Uganda derives its name from the Buganda Kingdom which encompasses a large portion of the south of the country such as the capital of Kampala.
The people in the country of Uganda were mainly hunters. In the year of 1894, the country was ruled by the protectorate of the UK (the British), who established the administration of the law across the territory.
In the year of 1962 on the 9th of October, the country gained its independence. The official languages used include Swahili and English, however there other languages that can be used as a medium of instruction in schools or educational institutions or for legislative, administrative or judicial purposes. Luganda is one of the central languages which is widely spoken across the country, there are other languages spoken including Runyankole, Luo, Rukiga, Runyoro, Lusoga, Acholi, Langi, and many more.
Uganda is led by Yoweri Kaguta Museveni who came to power in the year of 1986 until today this was after the protracted a six-year Guerrilla war.
The residents of Uganda were hunter-gatherers, the Bantu speaking people who were mainly from central Africa and migrated to the south part of the country which is surrounded by marshy areas.
The transport in Uganda is great with the main International Airport located in Entebbe, which is located 25 meters in the south west of the capital and largest city of Uganda Kampala. Besides Entebbe international airport there is a new international airport called the Hoima International Airport which is currently being constructed.
Road transportation is the most used means of transport in Uganda with over 95%. The traffic is handled by road traffic. The road network is 4.4 meters.
Railroad network is estimated by 784miles the longest lines run from Kampala to Tororo in the western line starts from Kampala to Kasese in the north line from Tororo to Pakwach.
Tourism is used in the country to fight poverty. There a number of tourism sectors including companies and these employ drivers, Guides, Accountants, Secretaries and many more.
Tourist attractions in Uganda include game reserves, National game parks, culture centers, traditional sites, tropical forests, traditional ceremonies including Mbalu in the Eastern region, water rafting, and Boat riding.
In the year of 1960s, Uganda welcomed a number of 100,000 international tourists in the year. The tourist sector became large and was the fourth largest in earning foreign exchange.
However, there was a loss of charismatic wildlife in the safari parks including Queen Elizabeth National park, Murchison Falls National Park this prevented the parks from competing with similar tourist attractions in the bordering countries of Tanzania and Kenya. However Uganda continued to promote the tropical forests. Bwindi Impenetrable National park inhabits more than 300 Mountain Gorillas which the world’s populated area of Mountain Gorillas and over 1000 Chimpanzees inhabiting the Mountain Gorillas in Kibale National park.
The country is full of diverse cultures, flora, fauna, and landscape.
Activities for tourism done in the Country
Game viewing is one of the most popular tourist activities in Uganda, the wildlife species include Buffaloes, Lions, Antelopes, Giraffes, Elephants these are most common in the Ten National Parks of Uganda, and the country is mostly visited for endangered Mountain Gorillas.
Gorilla Trekking: Mountain Gorillas in Uganda are mostly found in two National parks including Bwindi Impenetrable and Mgahinga National park, which are located both in the south-western part of Uganda. Tourists were allowed to trek the Mountain Gorillas since April 1993. There is a development of Mountain Gorillas and habituation of Gorillas since there is no contracting of human diseases.
Lion Tracking/Lion Viewing: Queen Elizabeth National Park is well known as a home for the tree-climbing lions, lions do not climb trees which makes the lions of Queen Elizabeth National park climb trees, except when their chased by other lion groups or wild Buffaloes. The tree-climbing lions can only be spotted in Queen Elizabeth National park and rest in the afternoon when the sun is high. They have been sighted in Lake Manyara National park of Tanzania.
Boating and Water sports, there are a variety of water bodies which are best for sports tourism, white water rafting and kayaking on the rapids near the source of the River Nile at Jinja. Enjoy the boating excursion on Lake Victoria, Lake Bunyonyi, Kazinga Channel and River Nile which is a perfect way to explore the Hippos, Nile Crocodiles, Buffaloes and a number of bird species that inhabit the areas of water banks, water bodies, sport fishing which is commonly favored by a number of tourists. Fish types like Nile Perch, Tilapia are in areas of Lake Mburo National Park and the banks of the Nile, one can as well option for canoeing.
Hiking and Mountain Climbing, in Uganda there a number of tourist opportunities including Mountain Climbing, Nature walks, the Rwenzori Mountains are found at the border with Democratic Republican of Congo which includes Snow-capped Margherita peak which is the highest Mountain Range in Africa and one of the highest peaks. Mgahinga Gorilla National park has three peaks Mount Muhavura, Mount Sabyinyo, and Mount Gahinga. Mount Elgon which is located in the East part of Uganda, is where hiking takes place in the largest calderas in the world.
Uganda is recorded in history as number 5 in the tourism destinations in the world. There is so much more in the country for all tourists who would want to have a great opportunity away from home.